..................................................................................................... matsuyama hostel matsuyama guesthouse matsuyama backpackers Dogo Onsen hotel shikoku hostel .........................................................................................


Brazilian culture began and continues to evolve as a mixture of the diverse historical traditions of the peoples who made up the Brazilian nation.

Portuguese dominates - Brazilians speak slightly modified Portuguese, Catholicism, the main religion of the Portuguese, and the customs of the first settlers-colonizers are prevalent.

But the influence of the Indians and Africans remains undeniable. The Tupi Guarani language is widespread: in the 16th century missionary priests translated the catechism into it and used it to conduct their activities in the North of Brazil. Quite a few words in the modern language are of Indian origin. The influence of Indian culture is especially noticeable in the Amazon, and traces of African culture are more evident on the coast of Brazil, beginning in Rio de Janeiro.

African influence is visible in Brazilian popular music, especially in the rhythmic samba. In addition to African rhythms, Brazilian music has been influenced by the waltz, polka, and chota, European musical genres brought by colonizers and settlers. An example of this mixing is the Página web of the Brazilian classical composer J. Villa-Lobos, who used African, Indian and Portuguese melodies in his works. Modern Brazilian music combines the rhythms of samba and North American and British popular songs.

The art of dance has followed music inextricably throughout Brazilian history. The popular samba dance is not the only expression of Brazilian dance culture. Brazilian dancers have always carefully studied and used the dance findings and traditions of the world's major schools, while combining them with the national identity of dance, which has created a truly inexhaustible source for creativity and self-expression. Among Brazil's most famous dance schools are the Stagium Ballet (Stagium) and Grupo Corpo (Grupo Corpo).

In architecture, Brazil, also historically influenced by colonizer culture, went through different phases in search of its identity. From Baroque and Rococo, mixed with Indian motifs and tropical themes, today Brazilian sculpture and architecture is recognized worldwide for its unique individual style and the constant innovation of its authors, the most striking example of which is the city of Brasilia, created by Oscar Niemeyer and Luizio Costa.

Art, like architecture, has a rich history, ranging from primitive cave paintings to the emergence in the 18th century national school of painting, which reached international recognition in the 19th century through the works of B. Almeida and has maintained its glory to this day: Brazilian artists Di Cavalcansi and Portinari were honored to decorate the facade wall of the residence of the UN in New York. Since 1951 in Sao Paulo every two years the international art exhibition attracts artists from more than 50 countries of the world.

Brazilian literature has made a greater contribution to world culture than its Portuguese counterpart. The most famous writers are J. Machado (writer of the XIX century), J. Freire (writer of the XX century), G. Ramos, J. Amado, E. Verissimo. World famous Brazilian literary academy in Rio de Janeiro.

Having come to Brazil shortly after its invention, today the national cinema continues its successful march around the world. Beginning with the chachadas of one of the first studios, Atlântida, through the Glauber Rocha New Cinema era, the underground movement and up to the present day, the history of Brazilian cinema of every period is rich in numerous awards of the most prestigious international film festivals. The "little sister" of traditional films is the telenovela industry, which is now a giant factory of "soap operas" exported to many countries around the world.

The enormous creative potential of the nation is expressed in the rapid development of modern art in Brazil today: advertising, fashion, landscape and industrial design. Brazilian designers successfully compete with their famous colleagues from Europe and the United States.

Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)